China said Monday it is extending threatening military exercises surrounding Taiwan that have disrupted shipping and air traffic and substantially raised concerns about the potential for conflict in the region.
The announcement further increases uncertainty in the crisis that developed last week with U.S. House Speaker Nancy Pelosi’s visit to Taiwan.
The exercises will include anti-submarine drills, apparently targeting U.S. support for Taiwan in the event of a potential Chinese invasion, according to social media posts from the eastern leadership of the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s military arm, the People’s Liberation Army.
China claims Taiwan as its own territory, and its leader, Xi Jinping, has focused on bringing the self-governing island democracy under the mainland’s control — by force, if necessary. The two sides split in 1949 after a civil war, but Beijing considers visits to Taiwan by foreign officials as recognizing its sovereignty.
Xi is seeking a third term as Communist Party leader later this year. His control over the armed forces and what he has defined as China’s “core interests” — including Taiwan, territorial claims in the South China Sea and historic adversary Japan — are key to maintaining his nationalist credentials.
The military has said the exercises, involving missile strikes, warplanes and ship movements crossing the midline of the Taiwan Strait dividing the sides, are a response to Pelosi’s visit.
China has ignored calls to calm the tensions, and there was no immediate indication of when it would end what amounts to a blockade.
On Monday, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said in a statement his country would “firmly safeguard China’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, resolutely stop the US’s attempt to play the Taiwan card to contain China, and shatter the Taiwan authorities’ wishful thinking to pursue ‘Taiwan independence’ by soliciting the support of the US.”
Asked in Dover, Delaware, on Monday about China’s response to Pelosi’s visit, President Joe Biden said: “I’m not worried, but I’m concerned they’re moving as much as they are. But I don’t think they’re going to do anything more than they are.”
Speaking with reporters at Dover AFB, President Biden responds to question about China’s actions towards Taiwan.
Biden: “I’m not worried but I’m concerned that they’re moving as much as they are. But I don’t they’re going to do anything.” pic.twitter.com/Ugu1UHOs2O
— CSPAN (@cspan) August 8, 2022
China’s slowing economic growth, which has reduced options among migrant workers as well as college graduates, has raised the specter of social unrest.
The party has maintained its power through total control of the press and social media, along with suppression of political opponents, independent lawyers and activists.
China doesn’t allow public opinion polls, and popular opinion is hard to judge. However, it seems to generally skew in favor of the government and its efforts to restore China’s former dominant role in the region that puts it in conflict with the United States and its allies, including Japan and Australia.
Taiwan’s defense ministry said Sunday it detected a total of 66 aircraft and 14 warships conducting the naval and air exercises. The island has responded by putting its military on alert and deploying ships, planes and other assets to monitor Chinese aircraft, ships and drones that are “simulating attacks on the island of Taiwan and our ships at sea.”
Meanwhile, Taiwan’s official Central News Agency reported that Taiwan’s army will conduct live-fire artillery drills in southern Pingtung county on Tuesday and Thursday, in response to the Chinese exercises.
The drills will include snipers, combat vehicles and armored vehicles as well as attack helicopters, said the report, which cited an anonymous source.
Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen has called on the international community to “support democratic Taiwan” and “halt any escalation of the regional security situation.”
The Group of Seven industrialized nations has also criticized China’s actions, prompting Beijing to cancel a meeting between Foreign Minister Wang Yi and his Japanese counterpart, Yoshimasa Hayashi.
China has cut off defense and climate talks with the U.S. and imposed sanctions on Pelosi in retaliation for her visit.
In Washington, Taiwanese de facto ambassador Bi-khim Hsiao said China had no reason to “be so furious” over the California Democrat’s visit, which follows a long tradition of American lawmakers visiting Taiwan.
“Well, you know, we have been living under the threat from China for decades,” Hsiao told CBS News on Sunday. “If you have a kid being bullied at school, you don’t say you don’t go to school. You try to find a way to deal with the bully.”
Colin Kahl, the U.S. undersecretary of defense for policy, told reporters Monday that Beijing’s reaction to Pelosi’s visit was a “manufactured crisis,” noting that the U.S. policy toward Taiwan and China remains unchanged and that Congress is an independent body of government.
“Clearly, the PRC is trying to coerce Taiwan, clearly they’re trying to coerce the international community. And all I say is, we’re not going to take the bait and it’s not going to work,” he said.
Kahl said U.S. forces in the region would continue to operate, fly and sail wherever is permitted under international law, including the Taiwan Strait.
On a visit to Myanmar, whose Chinese-backed military government has been accused of murdering its opponents, Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi said Washington was “taking the opportunity to build up its military deployment in the region, which deserves high vigilance and resolute boycott from all sides.”
“China’s firm stance” is aimed at “earnestly safeguarding peace across the Taiwan Strait and regional stability,” Wang was quoted as saying by the official Xinhua News Agency.
Meanwhile, Australian Foreign Minister Penny Wong called for a cooling of tensions.
“Australia continues to urge restraint, Australia continues to urge de-escalation, and this is not something that solely Australia is calling for, and the whole region is concerned about the current situation, the whole region is calling for stability to be restored,” Wong told reporters in Canberra.
The Western Journal has reviewed this Associated Press story and may have altered it prior to publication to ensure that it meets our editorial standards.